S05 Technology in pediatric sleep research and clinical settings: Novel applications and utility for diagnosis and interventions

Summary

Technology plays a central role in sleep assessment, with applications ranging from measurement of brief sleep epochs to population-level screening. With the explosion of consumer wearables, there has been an increased focus on using different devices to capture sleep duration and timing. However, there is significant potential for different types of devices to measure additional aspects of sleep that are critical for the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric sleep problems (e.g., sleep-related behaviors, sleep-disordered breathing). This session will bring together four international experts on the application of different technologies to enhance our understanding of pediatric sleep, both within the home environment and clinical setting. First, Dr. Michal Kahn will present research that uses auto-videosomnography technology to examine the relationship between parental nighttime visits to the crib and infant sleep, as well as how this can be applied to interventions for infant sleep problems. Next, Dr. Barbara Galland will present data from studies that examined pre-bedtime activities of both preschoolers and adolescents, demonstrating the utility and challenges of wearable cameras. Third, Dr. Lisa Meltzer will present the current recommendations for the use of both actigraphy and consumer wearables in a clinical setting, providing case examples to highlight the use of these devices for both the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric sleep problems. Finally, Dr. Sarah Honaker will present data from a computer decision support system that has been used to screen more than ten thousand children for sleep difficulties such as sleep-disordered breathing, infant sleep disruption, bedtime media use, and insufficient sleep. With information for both pediatric sleep researchers and clinicians, this session aims to spark ideas in attendees about novel ways of using technology to capture different aspects of pediatric sleep.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this CME activity, participants should be able to:

      • Comprehend how auto-videosomnography can be used to objectively measure parent nighttime behavior and infant sleep
      • Recognize how technology is beneficial for identifying pre-sleep routines in preschool children and adolescents
      • Utilize actigraphy and consumer wearables in a clinical setting for differential diagnoses and treatment planning
      • Describe the utility of computer decision support as a tool for widespread pediatric sleep screening

Target Audience

Pediatric sleep researchers and clinicians, including physicians, psychologists, nurses, and other allied health providers

Chair
Lisa J. Meltzer (United States)
Parental nighttime behavior and infant sleep: Assessing the links using auto-videosomnography
Michal Kahn (Australia)
Capturing the pre-bedtime activities of children and adolescents via wearable cameras
Barbara Galland (New Zealand)
Clinical utility of actigraphy and consumer wearables
Lisa J. Meltzer
Computer decision support for pediatric sleep screening in primary care

Sarah M. Honaker (United States)


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